Oman: The Country and its Languages - Part 1

By Stacey
Apr 22, 2016 · 3 min

Located in the continent of Asia, Oman is a nation on the Arabian Peninsula, lying on the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea.

Oman: The Country and its Languages - Part 1 | One Hour Translation

Located in the continent of Asia, Oman is a nation on the Arabian Peninsula, lying on the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. It’s a 1000-mile-long coastal plain at the south-east tip of the Arabian Peninsula, boarded by the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia.

The capital of Oman is Muscat, with a population of approximately 798,000 people. Oman, which became an independent state in 1741, has a population of approximately 3.6 million people (as at the year 2013).

Oman is located on the eastern edge of the Arabian Peninsula. Over the centuries, many different empires dominated this land, including the Parthians, Achaemenids, and the Sassanids who ruled for 400 years. Oman adopted Islam during the 7th century A.D., and today it’s the only country in the Islamic world to practice a form of moderate conservatism known as Ibadism

It’s really only been since the early 1980s that Oman has opened its doors to visitors and Western businesses. Today, Oman has tourism as one of the largest industries, due to the fact that it has one of the Middle East’s most diverse environments. Well known for its cultural offerings, Muscat has become renowned for its wonderful tourist amenities. Travellers who venture into Oman describe the country as an amazing contrast of beaches, mountains, deserts, and very friendly people.

The Languages of Oman

The national language of Oman is Arabic, a language of the Central Semitic family. Many native dialects are also spoken in this country –

  • Balochi, which is actually a North-western Iranian language, is a language that’s closely related to Semitic languages in Ethiopia and Eritrea and is distantly related to Arabic;
  • Jibbali is another Semitic language, spoken in the southern Dhofar region;
  • Hindu is also spoken by the Omanis: it’s an Asian language spoken in Oman as a result of an influx of Indian migrants during the 1980s and 90s;
  • Urdu, an Asian language belonging to the Indian family of languages, is also spoken in Oman;
  • French and Swahili are widely used in Oman, due to the historical relations between Zanzibar and Oman;
  • Other immigrant languages in Oman include Portuguese, Gujarati, Somali and Sindhi.

The languages of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Jordan, Egypt, the Gulf states, and Sri Lanka have also influenced the many tongues used in Oman. Various other languages and dialects are also spoken in different parts of Oman, and these include –

  • Baharna Arabic
  • Bahrani Arabic
  • Shihhi Arabic
  • Luwati
  • Shehri
  • Bathari
  • Lori
  • Mehri
  • Farsi
  • Harsusi
  • Hobyot,
  • Shehri, and
  • Kumzari.

As you can see, there are many different languages and dialects spoken in Omani, but despite this, the people are united through common languages. One Hour Translation can handle your Arabic document translation in any language pair. Our translators are highly experienced, with a vast amount of experience in all the languages of Oman. Contact us today for your next Arabic translation project: we’re happy to offer an obligation-free quotation!

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